Physiologic Reference Ranges for Captive Black-Tailed Prairie Dogs (Cynomys ludovicianus)
Source: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science, Volume 49, Number 3, May 2010 , pp. 274-281(8)
Abstract:The black-tailed prairie dog (Cynomys ludovicianus) is a member of the order Rodentia and the family Sciuridae. Ecologically, prairie dogs are a keystone species in prairie ecology. This species is used as an animal model for human gallbladder disease and diseases caused by infection with Clostridium difficile, Yersinia pestis, Francisella tularensis, and most recently, Orthopoxvirus. Despite increasing numbers of prairie dogs used in research and kept as pets, few data are available on their baseline physiology in animal facility housing conditions. To establish baseline physiologic reference ranges, we designed a study using 18 wild-caught black-tailed prairie dogs. Telemetry data were analyzed to establish circadian rhythms for activity and temperature. In addition, hematologic and serum chemistry analyses were performed. Baseline measurements were used to establish the mean for each animal, which then were compiled and analyzed to determine the reference ranges. Here we present physiologic data on serum chemistry and hematology profiles, as well as weight, core body temperature, and daily activity patterns for black-tailed prairie dogs. These results reflect the use of multiple measurements from species- and age-matched prairie dogs and likely will be useful to ecologists, scientists interested in using this animal model in research, and veterinarians caring for pet prairie dogs.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Division of Viral and Rickettsial Disease, Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 2: Division of Scientific Resources, Animal Resources Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Lawrenceville, Georgia
Publication date: May 1, 2010
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