Hypothermic Endpoint for an Intranasal Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis Mouse Model
Abstract:Immunocompromised mice were infected intranasally with Aspergillus fumigatus as part of a vaccine efficacy study. Although body temperature was measured throughout the study, a formal evaluation of its usefulness as an endpoint criterion was not performed. We retrospectively evaluated survival data and temperature records to determine whether body temperature can be used as an objective predictor of death and included in the humane endpoint criteria for this mouse model. CF1 mice were immunosuppressed with either cortisone acetate or by treatment with antiGR1 (a neutrophil-depleting antibody) and then intranasally challenged with A. fumigatus. Body temperature was measured by using an infrared noncontact thermometer a maximum of 3 times daily until death or euthanasia. A surface body temperature below 29.0 °C was correlated with a poor chance of survival, and using this cutoff point with signs of morbidity (hunched, ruffled fur, respiratory distress) reliably indicates mice for euthanasia without negatively affecting data collection. Using 2 subsequent readings of less than 31.0 °C as an endpoint would have led to premature euthanasia of only one mouse (2.2%). As a single reading, a body temperature of 28.8 °C had a sensitivity of 92.2% and specificity of 90.9%. Hypothermia proved to be a useful addition to the humane endpoint criteria for this mouse model, and veterinary and research groups should discuss their study needs in relation to animal welfare to best determine the most appropriate means of including this parameter.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: City of Hope, Beckman Research Institute, Division of Comparative Medicine, Duarte, California;, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org 2: Department of Immunology, Duarte, California 3: City of Hope, Beckman Research Institute, Division of Comparative Medicine, Duarte, California 4: Department of Information Sciences, Duarte, California
Publication date: 2013-12-01
Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.
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