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Open Access Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Assessment of Ventricular Remodeling after Myocardial Infarction in Rabbits

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Abstract:

To understand the structure–function relationship in the postinfarcted myocardium in rabbits, we induced cardiac ischemia by ligating the left circumflex coronary artery. Sham controls underwent thoracotomy only. At 7 and 30 d after ligation, cardiac MRI was conducted by using pulse-oxymetry–gated cine acquisition to provide complete phases of the heartbeat. The rabbits were anesthetized under 1.5% isoflurane ventilation, and ultrafast techniques made breath-hold 3D coverage in different cardiac axes feasible. Viability imaging was performed after intravenous injection of 0.15 mmol/kg gadolinium to assess the extent of infarction. Data (n ≥ 6) are presented as mean ± SEM and analyzed by ANOVA and ANCOVA. In postligation rabbits, end-systolic (mean ± SEM, 2.3 ± 0.3 mL) and end-diastolic (4.2 ± 0.4 mL) volumes were increased compared with preligation values (end-systolic, 1.1 ± 0.1 mL; end-diastolic, 2.98 ± 0.2 mL). Ejection fraction was influenced adversely by the presence of scar tissue at both 7 and 30 d after ligation and apparently nonlinear with the heart rate. Cardiac force was increased in the basal region in both end-systole and end-diastole in postligation hearts but progressively decreased toward the apex. Late gadolinium enhancement delineated 15.2 ± 5.8% myocardial infarction at 7 d after ligation and 14.5 ± 5.8% at 30 d, with limited wall motion and wall thinness. Compensatory wall thickening was present in the basal region when compared with that in preligation hearts. MRI offers detailed spatial resolution and tissue characterization after myocardial infarction.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA 2: Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah., USA 3: Department of Radiology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA

Publication date: April 1, 2012

More about this publication?
  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

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