Development of Antihuman IgG Antibodies and Hematologic Deficits but Not Clinical Abnormalities in C57BL/6 Mice after Repeated Administration of Human Intravenous Immunoglobulin
Abstract:Intravenous immunoglobulin (IvIg) preparations consist of purified human immunoglobulins collected from large numbers of healthy persons and are used to treat autoimmune, immunodeficiency, and inflammatory disorders. Studying the effects of IvIg effects in experimental animal models might clarify its mechanisms of action in these disorders, but whether 'serum sickness' or other abnormalities occur after repeated IvIg administration to immunocompetent animals is unknown. In the current study, male C57BL/6 mice (8 to 10 wk old; n = 27) received IvIg (1 g/kg IP) weekly for 6 wk. They were observed for clinical abnormalities, and body weight, temperature, renal function, hematologic parameters, and serum antihuman IgG antibodies were measured before and during treatment. Postmortem evaluations were performed on kidney, spleen, liver, and heart. No clinical or histologic abnormalities were noted despite a transient increase in BUN. Mean antibody levels to human IgG on days 21 and 43 after IvIg administration were increased by 23-fold compared with pretreatment levels. 88% and 89% of the mice were antibody responders on those days. Unexpectedly, hemoglobin, hematocrit, and RBC, WBC, lymphocyte, and platelet counts decreased after IvIg administration. These findings suggest that although it does not produce serum sickness, repeated IvIg administration to immunocompetent mice induces a strong humoral immune response and hematologic deficits of unknown etiology. These factors could cause the effects of IvIg preparations in mouse models of human disease to differ from their effects in the human disorders.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Neurology Research, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, Michigan, USA. DLoeffler@beaumont.edu 2: Department of Neurology Research, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, Michigan, USA 3: Department of Research Services, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, Michigan, USA 4: Department of Biostatistics, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, Michigan, USA 5: Department of Diagnostic Center for Population and Animal Health, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA 6: Department of CARE Consulting for Animal Research and Education, Williamston, Michigan, USA
Publication date: February 1, 2012
Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.
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