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Open Access Surgical Porcine Myocardial Infarction Model through Permanent Coronary Occlusion

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Using domestic pigs as an animal model, we here validated a reproducible and standardized myocardial infarction (MI) surgical model, to achieve the largest possible infarct extent with the lowest morbidity and mortality. To this end, we included several anesthetic and perisurgical precautions to minimize surgical complications. Mortality and morbidity rates were compared among groups of pigs that underwent permanent occlusion at different locations of either the left circumflex or left anterior descending artery. In addition, to compare the resulting MI between groups, data were collected by using cardiac biomarkers (including troponin I), electrocardiography, and echocardiography. These data were correlated to the final mean infarct size calculated by microscopic studies. Proximal occlusions lead to high mortality rates, whereas distal occlusions induced rather small MI areas. The optimal occlusion site in terms of morbidity, mortality, and lesion extent was the midpoint of the left anterior descending artery. In this group, only one pig died, and group cardiac data showed a rise in biomarker levels, marked left ventricular dysfunction on electrocardiography and echocardiography, and well-defined transmural MI in both ventricles. Infarct size quantitated through histologic studies revealed an average 15% ventricular lesion. Because interanimal variability in results from this group was negligible, we consider that the induced myocardial injury of this model is reliable.

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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Anatomy, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal 2: Department of Veterinary Clinics, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal 3: Departments of ICBAS (Abel Salazar Institute for Biomedical Sciences) and UMIB (Unit for Multidisciplinary Biomedical Research), University of Porto, Porto, Portugal 4: Department of Thoracic Surgery, Hospital São João, EPE, Porto, Portugal

Publication date: 2011-10-01

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  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

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