Alterations in Peripheral Blood B-cell Populations in SHIV89.6P-infected Macaques (Macacca fascicularis)
Abstract:In addition to CD4+ T cell depletion, the B cell compartment of HIV-infected patients exhibits abnormalities, including deficits and diminished responses to ex vivo antigenic stimulation and in vivo vaccination. We used chimeric simian–human immunodeficiency virus (SHIV) infection of cynomolgus macaques to determine the dynamics of peripheral blood B cell alterations in this model of HIV infection. During the course of infection, we observed progressive loss of total and memory (CD27+) B cells, increased percentages of activated (CD95+) B cells, hypergammaglobulinemia, and deficits in the CD21+ B cell population. In addition, we noted declines in subsets of memory B cells, including both IgM+ and class-switched (IgD–IgM– CD27+) cells, with sustained deficits in the IgM+ memory (IgM+CD27+) B cell population. The similarity of the B cell alterations in these studies to those observed in HIV+ subjects supports the utility of the SHIV macaque model for examination of HIV-related B cell dysfunction.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Immunology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA; Clinical Research Core, National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA 2: Department of Immunology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA 3: Department of Immunology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. email@example.com
Publication date: 2011-06-01
Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.
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