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Open Access Refinement of Vascular Access Port Placement in Nonhuman Primates: Complication Rates and Outcomes

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Chronic vascular access is often needed in experimental animal studies, and vascular access ports (VAP) have been proposed as an alternative to conventional venipuncture. We previously reported on VAP implantation by using femoral venous cutdown (FVC) and tunneling. In an attempt to decrease the moderate complications associated with the FVC method, we developed the single-incision, peripheral-insertion (SIPI) method. In a retrospective evaluation, 92 FVC procedures were compared with 113 SIPI procedures in cynomolgus and rhesus macaques and baboons with as much as 2.5 y of follow-up. The rate of complications was significantly lower for the SIPI method than for the FVC method (19.4% versus 33.7%), particularly in regard to infectious complications (8.0% versus 27.3%, respectively). In addition, VAP patency for blood sampling and fluid infusion was significantly better for the SIPI method than for the FVC method, with 1-y patency rate of 83% and 46%, respectively, and 2-y patency rate of 74% and 36%, respectively. Additional advantages of the SIPI method include the simplified implantation of the VAP and access in the homecage without any sedation or restraint after appropriate training of animals to cooperate. We conclude that the SIPI method presents an opportunity for refinement and is superior to the FVC method for chronic vascular access.

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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Surgery, Schulze Diabetes Institute, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota

Publication date: 2010-12-01

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  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

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