Experimental Induction of Reduced Ovarian Reserve in a Nonhuman Primate Model (Macaca fascicularis)
Authors: Appt, Susan E1; Clarkson, Thomas B2; Hoyer, Patricia B3; Kock, Nancy D2; Goode, Amanda K2; May, M Christina2; Persyn, Joseph T4; Vail, Neal K4; Ethun, Kelly F2; Chen, Haiying5; Sen, Nivedita3; Kaplan, Jay R2
Source: Comparative Medicine, Volume 60, Number 5, October 2010 , pp. 380-388(9)
Abstract:Chronic diseases including coronary heart disease and osteoporosis represent a substantial health burden to postmenopausal women, yet the initiation of these conditions and their relationships with reproductive aging remain poorly understood. This situation is due, in part, to the lack of animal models reflecting ovarian and hormonal characteristics of peri- and postmenopausal women. Ovaries of women approaching menopause are nearly depleted of primordial follicles but retain a pool of larger developing follicles and androgen-producing stroma, a condition known as reduced ovarian reserve (ROR). The long-term goal of the research presented here was to create a monkey model of reproductive aging, beginning with ROR and progressing to perimenopause and finally postmenopause. Here we sought to develop a method to reduce primordial follicles in cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) and document hormonal changes associated with follicle reduction or ROR. At 30 d after surgical placement of a biodegradable fiber containing approximately 200 mg of 4-vinlycyclohexene diepoxide (VCD) next to one ovary in each of 8 monkeys, primordial follicles were reduced by approximately 70%, with a corresponding decrease (83%) in antimüllerian hormone (AMH, a serum marker of ovarian follicle numbers). At 4 mo after VCD-treatment of both ovaries in 29 monkeys (approximately 200 mg VCD per ovary), AMH was reduced 56% from baseline, testosterone was unchanged, and follicular phase estradiol was slightly increased. These data indicate that VCD treatment markedly reduced primordial follicles while preserving larger estradiol- and testosterone-producing follicles and ovarian stroma, a condition that mimics ROR in women.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Pathology (Comparative Medicine) and the Wake Forest University Primate Center, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org 2: Department of Pathology (Comparative Medicine) and the Wake Forest University Primate Center, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, USA 3: Department of Physiology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA 4: Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, Texas, USA 5: Department of Biostatistical Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, USA
Publication date: October 2010
- Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.
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- By this author: Appt, Susan E ; Clarkson, Thomas B ; Hoyer, Patricia B ; Kock, Nancy D ; Goode, Amanda K ; May, M Christina ; Persyn, Joseph T ; Vail, Neal K ; Ethun, Kelly F ; Chen, Haiying ; Sen, Nivedita ; Kaplan, Jay R