Skip to main content

Open Access Guinea Pig Adenovirus Infection Does Not Inhibit Cochlear Transfection with Human Adenoviral Vectors in a Model of Hearing Loss

Download Article:
 Download
(PDF 169.6 kb)
 

Abstract:

Routine surveillance of guinea pigs maintained within a barrier facility detected guinea pig adenovirus (GPAdV) in sentinel animals. These guinea pigs served as models of induced hearing loss followed by regeneration of cochlear sensory (hair) cells through transdifferentiation of nonsensory cells by using human adenoviral (hAV) gene therapy. To determine whether natural GPAdV infection affected the ability of hAV vectors to transfect inner ear cells, adult male pigmented guinea pigs (n = 7) were enrolled in this study because of their prolonged exposure to GPAdV-seropositive conspecifics. Animals were deafened chemically (n = 2), received an hAV vector carrying the gene for green fluorescent protein (hAV-GFP) surgically without prior deafening (n = 2), or were deafened chemically with subsequent surgical inoculation of hAV-GFP (n = 3). Cochleae were evaluated by using fluorescence microscopy, and GFP expression in supporting cells indicated that the hAV-GFP vector was able to transfect inner ears in GPAdV-seropositive guinea pigs that had been chemically deafened. Animals had histologic evidence of interstitial pneumonia, attributable to prior infection with GPAdV. These findings confirmed that the described guinea pigs were less robust animal models with diminished utility for the overall studies. Serology tests confirmed that 5 of 7 animals (71%) were positive for antibodies against GPAdV at necropsy, approximately 7 mo after initial detection of sentinel infection. Control animals (n = 5) were confirmed to be seronegative for GPAdV with clinically normal pulmonary tissue. This study is the first to demonstrate that natural GPAdV infection does not negatively affect transfection with hAV vectors into guinea pig inner ear cells, despite the presence of other health complications attributed to the viral infection.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: University Laboratory Animal Resources, Department of Pathobiology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 2: Unit for Laboratory Animal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan; Veterinary Services, Covance Laboratories, Madison, Wisconsin 3: Unit for Laboratory Animal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 4: Kresge Hearing Research Institute, Department of Otolaryngology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan

Publication date: April 1, 2010

More about this publication?
  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

    Attention Members: To access the full text of the articles, be sure you are logged in to the AALAS website.

    Attention: please note, due to a temporary technical problem, reference linking within the content is not available at this time

  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • For issues prior to 1998
  • Institutional Subscription Activation
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
aalas/cm/2010/00000060/00000002/art00006
dcterms_title,dcterms_description,pub_keyword
6
5
20
40
5

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more