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Open Access Mutational Insertion of a ROSA26–EGFP Transgene Leads to Defects in Spermiogenesis and Male Infertility in Mice

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Abstract:

Pronuclear injection has been a successful strategy for generating genetically engineered mouse models to better understand the functionality of genes. A characteristic of pronuclear injection is that random integration of the transgene into the genome can disturb a functional gene and result in a phenotype unrelated to the transgene itself. In this study, we have characterized a mouse model containing an insertional mutation that, in the homozygous state, severely affects spermatogenesis as characterized by lack of sperm motility and acrosomal aplasia. Whereas homozygous female mice had normal fertility, male mice homozygous for the insertional mutation were unable to produce pups by natural mating with either homozygous or wild-type female mice. No fertilized embryos were produced by matings to homozygous male mice, and no sperm were present in the reproductive tract of mated female mice. Spermatozoa isolated from homozygous male mice exhibited head and midpiece defects, but no major defects in the principal piece of these sperm. Histologic examination and immunohistochemical staining of the testes revealed vacuolar degeneration of Sertoli cells and loss of structural seminiferous tubule integrity and organization, indicating that spermatogenesis is severely affected in this mouse model. Although the males are always infertile, the severity of the histologic and sperm morphologic defects appeared to be age-related.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, USA 2: Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, USA. critserj@missouri.edu

Publication date: December 1, 2009

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  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

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