Open Access Comparative Pathobiology of Kaposi Sarcoma-associated Herpesvirus and Related Primate Rhadinoviruses

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Abstract:

With the emergence of the AIDS epidemic over the last 2 decades and the more recent identification of Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV, Human herpesvirus 8), the genera of rhadinoviruses have gained importance as a family of viruses with oncogenic potential. First recognized in New World primates more than 30 y ago, the rhadinoviruses Saimiriine herpesvirus 2 and Ateline herpesvirus 2 have well-described transforming capabilities. Recently several new species-specific rhadinoviruses of Old World primates have been described, including retroperitoneal fibromatosis herpesvirus and rhesus rhadinovirus (Cercopithecine herpesvirus 17). Molecular analysis of these viruses has elucidated several functionally conserved genes and properties shared with KSHV involved in cellular proliferation, transformation, and immune evasion that facilitate the oncogenic potential of these viruses. This review examines the comparative pathobiology of KSHV, discusses the role of macaque rhadinoviruses as models of human disease, and outlines the derivation of specific pathogen-free animals.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Harvard Medical School, New England Primate Research Center, Southborough, MA, USA

Publication date: February 1, 2008

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  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

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