Atrial Natriuretic Peptide and Osteopontin are Useful Markers of Cardiac Disorders in Mice
Abstract:Biomarkers are not established for cardiovascular phenotyping in mice. We compared the use of echocardiography with the determination of N-terminal propeptide of the atrial natriuretic peptide (Nt-proANP) and osteopontin (Opn). We measured plasma Nt-proANP and Opn levels in (1) the inbred strains C57BL/6, BALB/c, C3H/He, DBA/2, FVB/N, 129S1/Sv; (2) a surgical model of nonischemic myocardial infarction; and (3) -sarcoglycan (Sgcd) and calsarcin 1 [also known as myozenin 2 (Myoz2)] knockout models of cardiomyopathy. Left ventricular function was assessed as fractional shortening (FS) by echocardiography in conscious mice. Plasma Nt-proANP exhibited marked variability and ranged from 0.31 ± 0.19 (C57BL/6 male mice) to 1.34 ± 0.43 nmol/l (DBA/2 female mice), depending on sex, age, and genetic background. Opn was less variable than Nt-proANP and was decreased significantly in C3H/He and DBA/2 throughout the 16 wk of study. Nt-proANP increased temporarily in mice with myocardial injury. In contrast, Opn increased in both operated and sham-treated mice. Nt-proANP was inversely correlated with FS and distinguished controls from Sgcd and Myoz2 mutants with 100% sensitivity and 71% specificity. Opn was increased in Sgcd mutants, which exhibited only mildly reduced FS but marked myocardial degeneration and fibrosis. Both of these histologic features were absent in Myoz2 mutants. Nt-proANP is an early marker of cardiac disease and is suitable for age- and sex-matched comparisons between groups of transgenic and matched control mice. Opn is useful to detect inflammatory and degenerative myocardial disorders that may be missed by echocardiography.
Document Type: Miscellaneous
Publication date: 2007-12-01
Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.
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