Open Access Inhibition of Fatty Acid Transport and Proliferative Activity in Tissue-isolated Human Squamous Cell Cancer Xenografts Perfused In Situ with Melatonin or Eicosapentaenoic or Conjugated Linoleic Acids

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Abstract:

Melatonin and eicosapentaenoic and 10t,12c-conjugated linoleic acids suppress the growth-stimulating effects of linoleic acid (LA) and its metabolism to the mitogenic agent 13-(S)-hydroxyoctadecadienoic acid (13-(S)-HODE) in established rodent tumors and human cancer xenografts. Here we compared the effects of these 3 inhibitory agents on growth and LA uptake and metabolism in human FaDu squamous cell carcinoma xenografts perfused in situ in male nude rats. Results demonstrated that these agents caused rapid inhibition of LA uptake, tumor cAMP content, 13-(S)-HODE formation, extracellular signal-regulated kinase p44/ p42 (ERK 1/2) activity, mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK) activity, and [3H]thymidine incorporation into tumor DNA. Melatonin's inhibitory effects were reversible with either the melatonin receptor antagonist S20928, pertussis toxin, forskolin, or 8-bromoadenosine-cAMP, suggesting that its growth-inhibitory effect occurs in vivo via a receptor-mediated, pertussis-toxin–sensitive pathway.

Document Type: Miscellaneous

Publication date: August 1, 2007

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  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

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