Brief Small Intestinal Ischemia Lessens Renal Ischemia-reperfusion Injury in Rats
Abstract:Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) not only reduces local tissue injury caused by subsequent ischemia-reperfusion (IR) but may also have a beneficial effect on IR injury of tissues remote from those undergoing preconditioning. In this study, we investigated the effect of small intestinal IPC on renal IR injury in rats. Renal IR injury was induced by a 45-min renal artery occlusion and reperfusion for 2 or 24 h in rats with a previous contralateral nephrectomy, and ischemic preconditioning was induced by 3 cycles of 8-min ischemia and 5-min reperfusion of the small intestine. We then measured the concentrations of plasma creatinine (Cr) and blood urine nitrogen (BUN) and the level of malondialdehyde (MDA) and activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) in the renal cortex. Renal histopathology also was evaluated. Pretreatment with intestinal ischemic preconditioning significantly alleviated renal IR injury, as shown by decreases in the levels of Cr, BUN, and MDA, decreased renal morphologic change, and improved preservation of SOD and CAT activities. These results suggest that remote ischemic preconditioning of the small intestine protects against renal IR injury by inhibition of lipid peroxidation and preservation of antioxidant enzyme activities.
Document Type: Miscellaneous
Publication date: 2007-04-01
Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.
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