Open Access Breeding Colony Refinement through Phenotypic and Genotypic Characterization of the SPRD-Pkdr1/Rrrc Rat Model of Polycystic Kidney Disease

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Abstract:

The SPRD-Pkdr1 rat model is widely used for the study of human autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. This rat model carries the Cy allele of the Pkdr1 gene, which results in polycystic kidney disease. Because the Cy allele is lethal in the homozygous state at weanling age, the breeding colony must be maintained in the heterozygous state. A random breeding scheme in which production of homozygous pups with enlarged kidneys indicates heterozygous breeders is commonly used. This study was performed to determine whether biochemical markers (blood urea nitrogen [BUN] or creatinine), ultrasonography, or genetic analysis could be used to select breeding animals in the SPRD-Pkdr1/Rrrc colony and thus replace the random breeding scheme with a more efficient selective breeding scheme. BUN was predictive of the Cy allele in 8- to 9-wk-old male but not female rats. Ultrasonography identified animals with polycystic kidney disease in both sexes by 9 wk of age. Microsatellite marker polymorphism analysis could not be used to determine carrier status for the Cy allele, but restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis appropriately detected the Cy allele in 100% of the animals examined. In conclusion, multiple methods can be used for detecting the Cy allele, making possible a selective breeding scheme that markedly reduces the necessary number of breeder animals and eliminates the euthanasia of offspring needed with a random test-mating scheme.

Document Type: Miscellaneous

Publication date: April 1, 2007

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  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

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