Skip to main content

Open Access Gender Influences Infectivity in C57BL/6 Mice Exposed to Mouse Minute Virus

Download Article:
 Download
(PDF 80.904296875 kb)
 

Abstract:

Two natural outbreaks of mouse minute virus (MMV) are described. Observations during management of the naturally infected colonies led to a study in which 4-wk-old C57BL/6NCr and C57BL/6Tac mice were inoculated oronasally with an immunosuppressive variant of MMV (MMVi), as were adult C57BL/6NCr lactating dams or their pups (age, 10 d). By day 28 postinoculation, 100% of the 4-wk-old male C57BL/6NCr and C57BL/6Tac mice, 56.2% of 4-wk-old C57BL/6NCr female and 62.5% of 4-wk-old C57BL/6Tac female mice, 100% of adult lactating C57BL/6NCr dams, and 100% of inoculated pups (10 d) had seroconverted. Serologically positive nursing dams did not infect their nursing pups. In contrast, when nursing pups were inoculated, 100% of their dams seroconverted by 28 d postinoculation. Only 1 of 4 facility sentinels (Tac:SW female mice) seroconverted to MMVi and none of the 4 research sentinels (Tac:SW female mice) seroconverted under a once-weekly bedding transfer program. Consequently, 4 new research Tac:SW sentinels of each gender (n = 8) were placed in known-positive cages at cage-change; 100% of the male mice but 0% of the females seroconverted by day 48. Study results suggest gender influences both infectivity and the ability to detect subclinical infections of MMVi. Other factors that may influence detection of MMV include mouse strain or stock, short shedding period, and prolonged time between cage changes. In light of the data from both the natural infections and the experimental cases, cessation of breeding likely will be beneficial when trying to eradicate this virus.

Document Type: Miscellaneous

Publication date: 2007-02-01

More about this publication?
  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

    Attention Members: To access the full text of the articles, be sure you are logged in to the AALAS website.

    Attention: please note, due to a temporary technical problem, reference linking within the content is not available at this time

  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • For issues prior to 1998
  • Institutional Subscription Activation
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more