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Open Access Temporal Transmission Studies of Mouse Parvovirus 1 in BALB/c and C. B-17/Icr-Prkdcscid Mice

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Abstract:

Fecal shedding and transmission of mouse parvovirus 1 (MPV) to naïve sentinels, breeding mates, and progeny were assessed. Neonatal SCID and BALB/c mice inoculated with MPV were evaluated over 24 wk; several mice from each strain were mated once during this period. Fecal MPV loads for each cage were determined weekly by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis, and all mice were evaluated by quantitative PCR analysis of lymphoid tissues and seroconversion to MPV antigens in immunocompetent mice. Results indicated persistently high fecal shedding of MPV in SCID mice throughout the evaluation period sufficient to allow transmission to sentinels, naïve breeding partners, and the progeny of infected male mice and naïve partners. Lymphoid tissue viral loads in the progeny of infected female SCID mice were high at weaning but low at 6 wk of age. Infected BALB/c mice shed high levels of MPV in feces for 3 wk postinoculation, with seroconversion only in sentinels exposed during the first 2 wk postinoculation. Thereafter the feces of infected BALB/c mice and the lymphoid tissues of sentinels, naïve breeding partners, and progeny intermittently contained extremely low levels of MPV DNA. Although pregnancy and lactation did not increase viral shedding in BALB/c mice, MPV exposure levels were sufficient to induce productive infection in some BALB/c progeny. These data indicate that the adaptive immune response suppresses, but does not eliminate, MPV shedding; this suppression is sufficient to inhibit infection of weanling and adult mice but allows productive infection of some progeny.

Document Type: Miscellaneous

Publication date: February 1, 2007

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  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

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