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Open Access Heritable, Diet-induced Hyperlipidemia in California Mice (Peromyscus californicus) Is Due to Increased Hepatic Secretion of Very Low Density Lipoprotein Triacylglycerol

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California mice (Peromyscus californicus) develop type II diabetes mellitus when fed a high-fat diet. We undertook the current studies to determine whether hyperlipidemia precedes the development of insulin resistance and to establish breeding colonies of hyperlipidemic and normolipidemic mice. For 6 wk, mice (n = 24) received a diet containing 25.8% of energy from fat. Mice representing the upper and lower quartiles of serum triacylglycerol (TAG) response (mean, >1000 mg/dl versus <300 mg/dl, respectively; 6 mice per group) were designated as high (HR) and low (LR) responders, respectively, and were used for further study. After 12 wk of consuming the high-fat diet, HR mice remained hypertriglyceridemic and developed hyperinsulinemia (5.1 ± 1.3 ng/ml), hypercholesterolemia (309.3 ± 31.0 mg/dl), and hyperglycemia (205.9 ± 30.3 mg/dl) compared with LR mice. HR mice were not hyperphagic or obese. Offspring of HR × HR mice had elevated serum TAG concentrations (mean, 1752.2 ± 209.7 mg/dl), hypercholesterolemia, hyperinsulinemia, and mild hyperglycemia by 5.5 mo of age. Mating HR male and LR female mice produced HR, intermediate, and LR progeny. HR mice had elevated serum concentrations of cholesterol, and plasma concentrations of high density lipoprotein cholesterol, and the very low density lipoprotein TAG compared with LR mice. Lipoprotein lipase and hepatic lipase activities did not differ between HR and LR mice. Studies of in vivo hepatic TAG production indicated that the hyperlipidemia of HR mice is a consequence of TAG hypersecretion.

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Document Type: Miscellaneous

Publication date: 2006-12-01

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  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

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