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We performed chromosomal analysis on 540 mouse embryonic stem (ES) cell lines obtained during 2001 to 2004 from 20 institutions in Japan. Overall, 66.5% of the ES cell lines showed normal chromosomal numbers, but 15.9%, 9.1%, and 2.8% showed modal chromosomal numbers of 41, 42, and 39, respectively. When we karyotyped 88 ES cell lines selected arbitrarily from the 540 lines, 53 (60.2%) showed normal diploid karyotypes; the sex chromosome constitution of 52 lines was XY, with the remaining 1 being XX. Among 35 ES cell lines showing abnormal karyotypes, trisomy of chromosome 8 (41, XY, +8) was dominant (51.4%), 14.3% had trisomy 8 with loss of one sex chromosome (40, XO, +8), and 11.4% had trisomy 8 together with trisomy 11 (42, XY, +8, +11). Karyotypic abnormalities including trisomy 8 and trisomy 11 occurred in 88.6% and 17.1% of ES cell lines, respectively. The XO sex chromosome constitution was observed in 25.7% of all abnormal ES cell lines. Of the 88 selected ES cell lines, 60 lines were established from strain 129 animals, 17 from F1 progeny of C57BL/6J × CBA (called TT2 in this study), and 11 from C57BL/6J mice. Normal diploid karyotypes were observed in 58.3% of lines derived from 129, 58.8% of those from TT2, and 72.7% of C57BL/6J. The relatively high incidence of abnormalities in chromosomal number and karyotype in ES cell lines used in Japan suggests the importance of chromosomal analysis of ES cells for successful establishment of new animal models through germline transmission.
Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.
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