Skip to main content

Open Access Characterization of an Anti-lymphocyte Function-associated Antigen-1 Antibody in a Simian Immunodeficiency Virus–Pig-tailed Macaque (Macaca nemestrina) Model

Download Article:
(PDF 320.4 kb)
The simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)/pig-tailed macaque (Macaca nemestrina) model of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a powerful system in which to study cell adhesion molecules and retroviral pathogenesis in vivo. Preliminary experiments were conducted to examine the role of lymphocyte function-associated antigen 1 (LFA-1) in early SIV infection in vivo by using an LFA-1 monoclonal antibody (MHM.23) specific to human LFA-1. In vitro studies revealed that at concentrations of ≥20 g/ml, MHM.23 blocked LFA-1-mediated adhesion and T-cell activation (>90%) of pig-tailed macaque peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). In addition, SIVmac239 infection of macaque cells was inhibited in a dose-dependant manner by MHM.23. Administration of MHM.23 to pig-tailed macaques inhibited LFA-1–ICAM-1-mediated activity in vivo and maintained binding on macaque cells for ≤4 d. Our in vitro studies indicated that at an MHM.23 concentration of 20 g/ml, macaque PBMCs were completely saturated. Our in vivo studies determined that 5 mg/kg MHM.23 intravenously every 24 h was required to maintain saturating levels and inhibit LFA-1–ICAM-1 function in pig-tailed macaques.

15 References.

No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 February 2006

More about this publication?
  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

    Attention Members: To access the full text of the articles, be sure you are logged in to the AALAS website.

    Attention: please note, due to a temporary technical problem, reference linking within the content is not available at this time

  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • For issues prior to 1998
  • Institutional Subscription Activation
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more