Open Access Characterization of an Anti-lymphocyte Function-associated Antigen-1 Antibody in a Simian Immunodeficiency Virus–Pig-tailed Macaque (Macaca nemestrina) Model

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Abstract:

The simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)/pig-tailed macaque (Macaca nemestrina) model of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a powerful system in which to study cell adhesion molecules and retroviral pathogenesis in vivo. Preliminary experiments were conducted to examine the role of lymphocyte function-associated antigen 1 (LFA-1) in early SIV infection in vivo by using an LFA-1 monoclonal antibody (MHM.23) specific to human LFA-1. In vitro studies revealed that at concentrations of ≥20 g/ml, MHM.23 blocked LFA-1-mediated adhesion and T-cell activation (>90%) of pig-tailed macaque peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). In addition, SIVmac239 infection of macaque cells was inhibited in a dose-dependant manner by MHM.23. Administration of MHM.23 to pig-tailed macaques inhibited LFA-1–ICAM-1-mediated activity in vivo and maintained binding on macaque cells for ≤4 d. Our in vitro studies indicated that at an MHM.23 concentration of 20 g/ml, macaque PBMCs were completely saturated. Our in vivo studies determined that 5 mg/kg MHM.23 intravenously every 24 h was required to maintain saturating levels and inhibit LFA-1–ICAM-1 function in pig-tailed macaques.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: February 1, 2006

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  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

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