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Open Access Buffalo Rat Liver Cells Produce Factors that Support Preimplantation Development of Mouse Embryos Cultured In Vitro

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To examine the effects of buffalo rat liver (BRL) cells on the preimplantation development of mouse embryos in vitro, we first cultured two-cell mouse embryos alone in serum-free Dulbecco modified Eagle medium. As expected, the embryos did not develop to subsequent stages. However, when cocultured with BRL cells, the embryos developed to the blastocyst stage efficiently. Direct contact of embryos with BRL cells was not necessary for development: the medium conditioned by BRL cells contained soluble factors that supported the preimplantation development of mouse embryos. Embryos cultured with BRL-conditioned medium that was replaced at various intervals had a further increased rate of development to the blastocyst stage. This finding indicated that the activities of the factors were maintained only briefly. Seven proteins between 35 and 44 kDa that were detected in the medium were highly beneficial to the development of the embryos. Follistatin-related protein and pigment epithelium-derived factor are believed to be the factors supporting embryo development. The other five proteins also may improve the environment for the development of mouse embryos cultured in vitro.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Tsukuba Primate Center for Medical Science, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Hachimandai-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0843, Japan 2: Tokyo University of Agriculture, Yasaka-196, Abashiri, Hokkaido 099-2493, Japan

Publication date: 2005-02-01

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  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

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