Open Access Pathophysiological Studies of Trinitrobenzene Sulfonic Acid-Induced Colitis in Syrian Hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus)

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Abstract:

We developed a colitis model in Syrian hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus) to investigate the relationship between colitis and neutrophil elastase (NE). Colitis was induced by a single intracolonic dose of trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS; 90 mg/ml) dissolved in 15% (vol/vol) ethanol. The ulcer area, tissue myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, and luminal NE activity all were increased on Days 1 and 5, corresponding with the acute inflammatory histopathological changes. These acute inflammatory parameters subsequently decreased by Day 14, and chronic inflammatory histopathological changes became evident. Recurrence of inflammation was not observed during the period up to Day 28. To evaluate our colitis model, the effects of prednisolone were examined. Prednisolone was administered orally once on the day before induction of colitis, and animals were treated twice daily thereafter. Although prednisolone had little effect on the tissue MPO activity, prednisolone inhibited the ulcer area and NE activity. In addition, the effects of an NE-specific inhibitor (ONO-6818) on our TNBS-induced colitis model were examined. In the subcutaneous treatment study, ONO-6818 was administered once before the induction of colitis. Although ONO-6818 had little effect on the tissue MPO activity, the ulcer area and NE activity were decreased in the ONO-6818-treated group. The inhibitory effects on the ulcer area and NE activity were confirmed after oral treatment with ONO-6818 after induction of colitis. We conclude that our colitis model is useful for investigating the relationship between colitis and NE, and inhibition of NE activity can prevent the progression of ulceration.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Fukui Safety Research Laboratories, Ono Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., 50-10 Yamagishi, Mikuni-cho, Sakai-gun, Fukui 913-8538, Japan

Publication date: February 1, 2005

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  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

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