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Open Access Evaluation of Liposome-Encapsulated Oxymorphone Hydrochloride in Mice after Splenectomy

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Abstract:

The use of mice in biomedical research is increasing, largely due to the production and use of genetically engineered animals. Providing postoperative pain control in mice presents many challenges, and long-acting analgesic preparations would be advantageous for this species. A single subcutaneous injection of a liposome-encapsulated (LE) preparation of oxymorphone was compared with multiple injections of buprenorphine or saline in outbred mice undergoing splenectomy. Control groups were given isoflurane alone or isoflurane and an injection of LE oxymorphone but did not undergo surgery. The following parameters were evaluated for 5 days after surgery and were compared with presurgical baseline data for each group: food and water consumption, body weight, ethographic score, and voluntary exercise on a running wheel. Ethographic scores indicated less postsurgical pain in both groups of mice that received either analgesic preparation compared with mice that received only saline. However, mice given LE oxymorphone had superior postoperative recovery, as measured by wheel-running distance and body weight gain, compared with mice given buprenorphine or saline. Mice undergoing splenectomy had significant decreases in body weight, food and water consumption, voluntary exercise, and other normal behaviors. Administration of liposomal oxymorphone at the time of surgery improved postsurgical recovery as measured by these parameters compared with multiple injections of buprenorphine or saline alone. Administration of LE oxymorphone at the time of surgery improved postsurgical recovery, as measured by these parameters.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Laboratory Animal Services, 414 E. Clark St., Lee Medical Bldg., University of South Dakota, Vermillion, South Dakota 57069 2: Research Animal Resource Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1710 University Ave. Madison, Wisconsin 53705-4098 3: School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1710 University Ave. Madison, Wisconsin 53705-4098 4: School of Pharmacy, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1710 University Ave. Madison, Wisconsin 53705-4098

Publication date: October 1, 2004

More about this publication?
  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

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