Model of Angiogenesis in Mice with Severe Combined Immunodeficiency (SCID) and Xenoengrafted with Epstein-Barr Virus–Transformed B Cells
Abstract:Xenoengraftment of human cells in mice with severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) has been used as a model system to study the mechanisms of B-cell lymphomagenesis. In the study reported here, we determined that SCID mice can also be used as a model to study angiogenesis in B-cell lymphomas. The C. B-17 scid/scid mice were xenotransplanted with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-transformed lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCL), and we determined whether CD31, a marker found on endothelial cells, was detected in the human B-cell lymphomas that developed in these mice. Microvessel formation was identified by use of immunohistochemical staining for CD31. To assess possible mechanisms of angiogenic stimulus, we analyzed the expression of interleukin 8 (IL-8), a chemokine documented to promote angiogenesis, in non–small-cell lung cancer and bronchogenic carcinomas. We observed that a panel of LCL and LCL-lymphomas expressed IL-8 mRNA and protein. Neutralization of IL-8, however, did not inhibit lymphomagenesis, suggesting that IL-8 is not essential for angiogenesis in this model. To examine other parameters of angiogenesis, we identified expression of vascular endothelial growth factor in the lymphomas. These data suggest that angiogenesis accompanies EBV-associated B-cell lymphoma development, but IL-8 is not essential for this process. Thus, the SCID mouse model is amenable to testing of anti-angiogenic factors.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Unit for Laboratory Animal Medicine, 750 East Adams Street, Syracuse, New York 2: Department of Pathology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 750 East Adams Street, Syracuse, New York 3: Department of Microbiology and Immunology, SUNY Upstate Medical University, 750 East Adams Street, Syracuse, New York
Publication date: April 1, 2004
Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.
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