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Open Access Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Immunoblot Analyses in Rats with Experimentally Induced Cerebral Alveolar Echinococcosis

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The early stage of experimentally induced secondary cerebral alveolar echinococcosis (AE) in rats was investigated by use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and immunoblot (western blot) analyses. Thirty-six female Wistar rats (6 to 8 weeks old) were injected intracranially with a 10% homogenate of echinococcal larval tissues in which the concentrations of microvesicles and protoscolices were estimated to be 3.8 and 1.5 × 104/ml, respectively. To observe the fine structure of the rat brain, MRI was performed under a high magnetic field of 7.05 T. Histologic examination also was performed. The T2-weighted MR images revealed a hyperintense region in the cerebral cortex at two weeks after injection of the homogenate. At three weeks after injection, this region was found to have cysts on the basis of results of histologic examination. Signal-void regions corresponding to hyperplasia and the subsequent calcification of the cuticle layer at six and 13 weeks after injection, respectively, were observed in T2-weighted and proton density MR images. On the other hand, at nine weeks after injection, AE was discernible by use of western blot analysis of sera with antibodies of two epitopes (Em18 and Em16) of E. multilocularis. Using this secondary cerebral AE animal model, it was concluded that the MRI method was suitable for early detection of secondary cerebral AE.

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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Laboratory of Radiation Biology, Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0818, Japan 2: Laboratory of Pathobiology, Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0818, Japan 3: Department of Parasitology, Asahikawa Medical College, Asahikawa 078-8510, Japan 4: Animal Laboratory for Medical Research, Asahikawa Medical College, Asahikawa 078-8510, Japan

Publication date: 2003-12-01

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  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

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