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Open Access Epididymal Cribriform Hyperplasia with Nuclear Atypia in p53 Homozygous Knockout Mice on a Mixed 129/Sv-FVB/N Background

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Epididymal cribriform hyperplasia (ECH) is a variant of normal epididymal histologic features in men, and has also been reported in rats, mice, dogs, cats, and bulls. The epididymal change has been associated with aging, testicular atrophy, cryptorchidism, and germ cell tumors. Epididymal cribriform hyperplasia was observed in p53 homozygous knockout mice on a mixed 129/Sv-FVB/N background, but not in wild-type or heterozygous mice. The aim of the study reported here was to determine the prevalence and characterize the morphologic, immunohistochemical, and ultrastructural features of ECH in these mice. Epididymal cribriform hyperplasia was present in 88% (72/82) of male mice ranging in age from seven to 65 weeks. The lesion was characterized microscopically by epithelial cells with atypical hyperchromatic nuclei, vacuolization, intratubular lumina formation, infrequent apoptosis, and rare mitotic figures. In contrast to germ cells, the cells of ECH did not express α-fetoprotein, carcinoembryonic antigen, or S-100. Ultrastructurally, the cells were pleomorphic with stereocilia at their apical borders and within intratubular lumina, and were supported by a basement membrane. Although 14% (10/72) of mice had concomitant testicular neoplasia, ECH did not appear to be a preneoplastic change. Investigators using these mice for modeling human disease should be aware of the background prevalence of this lesion.

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Document Type: Case Report

Affiliations: 1: Department of Veterinary Biosciences, The Ohio State University College of Veterinary Medicine, 1925 Coffey Road, Columbus, Ohio 43210 2: Pharmacia Corporation, 4901 Searle Parkway, Skokie, Illinois 60077 3: 800 North Lindbergh, St. Louis, Missouri 63167

Publication date: 2002-12-01

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  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

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