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Open Access Comparison Between Two Types of Behavioral Variables of Non-Evoked Facial Pain after Chronic Constriction Injury to the Rat Infraorbital Nerve

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Background and Purpose: Chronic constriction injury to the rat infraorbital nerve (IoN-CCI) was reported to induce asymmetric face grooming directed to the territory of the injured nerve, and localized mechanical allodynia. The model has been used for pharmacologic testing; responsiveness to mechanical stimulation has been used as outcome measure, but face grooming behavior was not studied in this context.

Methods: Face grooming data from a series of four experiments using the IoN-CCI model were retrospectively analyzed, and two types of face grooming were identified: on the one hand, isolated face grooming (i.e., face grooming that is neither preceded nor followed by body grooming); and on the other hand, face grooming during body grooming (i.e., face grooming that is part of more general body grooming behavior).

Results: In all four experiments, amount of isolated face grooming was found to be significantly increased after IoN-CCI. In contrast, the amount of face grooming during body grooming was not significantly altered after IoN-CCI in any of the four experiments.

Conclusions: The amount of isolated face grooming is a more sensitive outcome measure of neuropathic pain than is the total amount of face grooming, which includes face grooming during body grooming.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Laboratory of Anesthesiology, University of Antwerp, Universiteitsplein 1, B-2610 Antwerp, Belgium

Publication date: 2002-02-01

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  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

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