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Open Access Abnormalities of Gonadotrophs in the Adenohypophysis of Infertile Male PD Rats

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Abstract:

Male PD strain rats are sterile in the homozygous condition (pd/pd) due to abnormal spermatogenesis detectable at around nine weeks of age. Previous studies have indicated electron microscopic abnormalities in the Sertoli cells of pd/pd males at three and 12 weeks of age. Since spermatogenesis and Sertoli cell function depend on gonadotropins (luteinizing and follicle-stimulating hormones [LH and FSH]) and testosterone, production and/or secretion of these hormones might be altered in pd/pd males. The aim of the study reported here was to investigate the hormonal status of pd/pd males at three, six, and nine weeks of age. Although alteration was not evident in the LHimmunoreactive cells, FSH-immunoreactive cells in pd/pd males were small in size with scant cytoplasm and were reduced in number and area (73 and 51% of phenotypically normal pd/+ males, respectively) at three weeks of age, although serum FSH concentration was similar to that in pd/+ males. At six and nine weeks of age, percentages of the areas occupied by LH- and FSH-immunoreactive cells in pd/pd males were higher than those in pd/+ males. Serum FSH concentration in pd/pd males was significantly high at nine weeks of age, although a difference in serum LH and testosterone concentration was not evident. These results suggest that FSH production in pd/pd males is decreased at three weeks of age. This might be associated with the Sertoli cell abnormalities and subsequent abnormal spermatogenesis seen in adult life.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Laboratory of Reproductive Toxicology, Toxicology Division I, Institute of Environmental Toxicology, Uchimoriya-machi 4321, Mitsukaido-shi, Ibaraki 303-0043, Japan 2: Metabolism Laboratory I, Chemistry Division, Institute of Environmental Toxicology, Uchimoriya-machi 4321, Mitsukaido-shi, Ibaraki 303-0043, Japan

Publication date: October 1, 2001

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  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

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