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Open Access Detection of Rodent Parvoviruses by Use of Fluorogenic Nuclease Polymerase Chain Reaction Assays

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Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays have proven useful for detection of rodent parvoviruses in animals and contaminated biological materials. Fluorogenic nuclease PCR assays combine PCR with an internal fluorogenic hybridization probe, eliminating post-PCR processing and potentially enhancing specificity. Consequently, three fluorogenic nuclease PCR assays were developed, one that detects all rodent parvoviruses, one that specifically detects minute virus of mice (MVM), and one that specifically detects mouse parvovirus 1 (MPV) and hamster parvovirus (HaPV). When rodent parvoviruses and other rodent DNA viruses were evaluated, the rodent parvovirus assay detected only rodent parvovirus isolates, whereas the MVM and MPV/HaPV assays detected only the MVM or MPV/HaPV isolates, respectively. Each assay detected the equivalent of 10 or fewer copies of target template, and all fluorogenic nuclease PCR assays exceeded the sensitivities associated with previously reported PCR assays and mouse antibody production testing. In addition, each fluorogenic nuclease PCR assay detected the targeted parvovirus DNA in tissues obtained from mice experimentally infected with MVM or MPV. Results of these studies indicate that fluorogenic nuclease PCR assays provide a potentially high-throughput, PCR-based method to detect rodent parvoviruses in infected mice and contaminated biological materials.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: University of Arizona, University Animal Care Building 101, Central Animal Facility, Room 116, 1127 East Lowell Street, Tucson, Arizona 85721-0101

Publication date: August 1, 2001

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  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

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