Open Access Campylobacter-induced Enteritis and Diarrhea in Captive Cotton-top Tamarins (Saguinus oedipus) During the First Year of Life

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Abstract:

A prospective study of 43 cotton-top tamarins, from infancy to 6 to 17 months of age, was conducted to determine the epidemiology of Campylobacter spp. infection. Nine infants followed for one year in an isolation unit, where attendants wore protective clothing, did not become infected. In the main facility where 32 of 34 animals had repeated infections with C. coli, 6% of the infections developed initially in incubators, 66% in the nursery room, and 28% after transfer to the main colony. Fifteen of these tamarins also were infected with C. jejuni. Twenty percent of the infections developed initially in the nursery room and 80% in the colony. Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis analysis of C. jejuni cultures revealed multiple reinfections with different strains. Both types of infections were most prevalent between 3 and 9 months of age. Campylobacter jejuni infection developed most frequently between April and June and C. coli infection developed between October and December. In the nursery, diarrhea developed most frequently at times when there was no infection with Campylobacter spp. Forty percent of animals with diarrhea in the nursery had C. coli and none had C. jejuni, whereas, in the colony, 49% had C. jejuni and 11% had C. coli infections. There was no association between these infections and diet or idiopathic colitis.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: New England Regional Primate Research Center, Harvard Medical School, 1 Pinehill Drive, Southborough, Massachusetts 01772 2: School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts 02155 3: Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, University of Maryland, Baltimore, Maryland 21201

Publication date: June 1, 2001

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  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

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