Permanent Jejunal Fistula: Promising Method for Obtaining Small Intestinal Chyme without Disturbing Intestinal Function
Abstract:Accurate information on changes in small intestinal microflora in dogs is rather limited because of difficulties in obtaining samples of small intestinal chyme. In the study reported here, intussuscepted nipple valves were surgically placed into the jejunum of seven laboratory beagles to obtain intestinal juice samples. The influence of the fistula on intestinal motility was determined by use of barium-impregnated polyethylene spheres (BIPS) and on microflora by use of bacterial culturing. The BIPS were fed two weeks before surgery and again five weeks after surgery. Bacterial samples were collected before (fecal samples), during (small intestinal samples) and 11 weeks after surgery. There were no surgical complications, and the animals tolerated the fistula well. Mean orocolic transit percentage was 93% before and 83% after surgery, and notable changes in gastrointestinal motility were not seen, except in one dog.
The surgery did not markedly alter the bacterial flora in feces. Microflora did change in small intestinal samples; however, methodologic factors may explain most of these differences. In conclusion, the nipple valve is a promising method that creates easy and safe long-term access to the jejunum and appears not to have an influence on intestinal function.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Clinical Veterinary Sciences, P.O. Box 57, FIN-00014 Helsinki University, Finland 2: Laboratory Animal Resources, Preclinical Research and Development, Astra-Hässle AB, S-431 83 Mölndal, Sweden
Publication date: June 1, 2001
Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.
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