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Open Access Relations among Measures of Body Composition, Age, and Sex in the Common Marmoset Monkey (Callithrix jacchus)

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Few studies of body composition have been done in New World primates. In the study reported here, four methods of assessing body composition (body weight, anthropometry, labeled-water dilution, and total body electroconductivity) were compared in 20 marmosets, aged 0.96 to 7.97 years. Males and females did not differ in any measure (P > 0.05). Body weight ranged from 272 to 466 g, and body fat estimates varied from 1.6 to 19.5%. Strong positive correlations were observed between total body water and total body electroconductivity (R2 = 0.77), body weight and fat-free mass (males R2 = 0.95; females R2 = 0.91), and body weight and fat mass (males R2 = 0.86; females R2 = 0.85; P < 0.01). Male and female slopes were equivalent (P > 0.05) for the regressions of fat and fat-free mass against body weight. Positive correlations also were observed between girth measures and fat-free mass (R2 = 0.48 to 0.78) and fat mass (R2 = 0.60 to 0.74; P < 0.01). A good second- order polynomial relationship was observed between age and fat-free mass for the combined sample (R2 = 0.64). Results indicated that: subjects were lean; there was no sexual dimorphism relative to measures; body weight provided a reliable estimate of fat and fat-free mass; and within-subject body weight changes reflected a similar relationship between body weight and fat-free mass as did that across subjects.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Physiological Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, P.O. Box 100144, Gainesville, Florida 32610-0144 2: American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington, DC 20024, Department of Zoological Research, National Zoological Park, Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC 20008 3: Department of Biological Sciences, Kent State University, Kent, OH 44242 4: National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 5: Department of Zoological Research, National Zoological Park, Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC 20008

Publication date: June 1, 2001

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  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

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