Skip to main content

Open Access Intestinal Cannulation: Model for Study of the Midgut of the Pig

Download Article:
(PDF 164.0068359375 kb)
Purpose: To develop a pig model that would enable repeated biopsy specimen collection and endoscopic monitoring of the gut. This would increase precision of the experiment and reduce the number of experimental animals required.

Methods: Six 10-week-old Yorkshire pigs underwent surgery, and a cannula was inserted in the cecum. Two pigs served as non-operated controls. The health status of the animals was monitored by clinical, hematologic, and biochemical examinations and by studies of gut motility and microbial flora. The experimental period lasted for eight weeks and approximately 45 biopsy specimens were obtained from each animal.

Results: Repeated endoscopy was performed and biopsy specimens were taken. Adverse effects on the animal's health were not apparent, and differences were not evident in transit time of digesta or in diversity of the gut microbial flora. After surgery there was a transient increase in the concentrations of haptoglobin, serum amyloid A, and plasma cortisol, and in body temperature and white blood cell count.

Conclusions: It is possible to use an intestinal cannula in the cecum both for endoscopy and biopsy specimen collection. The procedures did not influence health status of the pigs, nor alter gut function. The method will be useful in experimental infection studies as well as in other physiologic investigations.

39 References.

No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, National Veterinary Institute, Uppsala, Sweden 2: Department of Animal Nutrition and Management, National Veterinary Institute, Uppsala, Sweden 3: Department of Pathology, National Veterinary Institute, Uppsala, Sweden 4: Department of Clinical Chemistry, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, National Veterinary Institute, Uppsala, Sweden

Publication date: 2001-04-01

More about this publication?
  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

    Attention Members: To access the full text of the articles, be sure you are logged in to the AALAS website.

    Attention: please note, due to a temporary technical problem, reference linking within the content is not available at this time

  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • For issues prior to 1998
  • Institutional Subscription Activation
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more