Therapeutic Effect of a Pig-Derived Peptide Antibiotic on Porcine Wound Infections
Abstract:Purpose: We investigated the therapeutic potential of the pig-derived antimicrobial peptide protegrin-1 (PG-1) against porcine skin wounds infected with Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
Materials and Methods: Using a porcine skin wound model, PG-1 was added to the wound fluid either at the time of P. aeruginosa inoculation, four hours after inoculation or 24 hours after inoculation. Wound fluids were analyzed 20-24 hours later by use of colony-forming unit (CFU) assays, semiquantitative immunoblot analysis for PG-1, and radial diffusion assays (RDA) for residual in vitro activity.
Results: Results of the CFU assays indicated a 10,000-fold decrease in the number of bacteria when PG-1 was added at the time of inoculation, a 120-fold decrease when added 4 hours after inoculation and a 10-fold decrease when added 24 hours after inoculation. Results of immunoblot analysis and RDA indicated that PG-1 concentrations for each of the three conditions remained increased in wound fluid 20 to 24 hours after treatment, and correlated with increased residual in vitro antimicrobial activity.
Conclusions: These results document that the endogenous antibiotic PG-1 significantly prevented the colonization of P. aeruginosa in wounds and reduced the in vivo bacterial concentration in established wound infections. Therapeutics used in the same animal species from which they were derived are a promising means for preventing and treating localized infections.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: February 1, 2001
Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.
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