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Open Access Effects of Tribromoethanol Anesthesia on Echocardiographic Assessment of Left Ventricular Function in Mice

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Background and Purpose: Pentobarbital and ketamine-xylazine anesthesia in mice result in markedly decreased left ventricular fractional shortening and cardiac output. However, to the authors' knowledge, the effect of shortacting, alcohol-based anesthesia on these parameters is unknown.

Methods: Fifteen mice (FVB/N, C57Bl/6J, A/J, n = 5 each) underwent high-resolution (15 MHz) 2-dimensional-directed M-mode echocardiography before and after undergoing 2.5% tribromoethanol anesthesia (0.01 ml/g of body weight).

Results: Tribromoethanol anesthesia resulted in significant heart rate slowing (29%) and left ventricular enlargement (20%), and a more modest (12%) reduction in left ventricular fractional shortening. Cardiac output was unchanged. The differences in left ventricular function between conscious and tribromoethanol studies were similar for each of the three strains of mice.

Conclusions: Tribromoethanol anesthesia induced only modest effects on M-mode estimates of basal cardiac function and did not influence cardiac output. The effects to tribromoethanol anesthesia were similar among three commonly used mice strains.

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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2001-02-01

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  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

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