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Open Access Spontaneous Intestinal Adenocarcinoma in Geriatric Macaques (Macacasp.)

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Background and Purpose: Intestinal adenocarcinoma appears to be the most common malignant neoplasm in macaques, and is a substantial cause of morbidity and mortality in the elderly.

Methods: A retrospective review of 32 cases was done.

Results: Thirty-two cases were reviewed. Clinical examination had revealed severe weight loss, anorexia, and palpable abdominal mass. Microcytic hypochromic anemia, intermittent fecal occult blood positive test results, hypoproteinemia, and hypoalbuminemia were the predominant clinical laboratory findings. Carcinoembryogenic antigen serologic testing and single-strand conformational polymorphism analysis were performed in selected cases. The most common sites of the intestinal adenocarcinoma were ileocecal junction, colon, ileum, jejunum, and cecum. Metastases were evident in 34% of the cases and involved peripheral nodes, liver, lungs, pancreas, and adrenal gland. Overall survival of 12 macaques that underwent surgical excision was 83% at 6 months, 58% at 1 year, 50% at 1.5 years, 33% at 2 years, and 8% at 4 years. The overall mean survival rate (MSR) was > 483 postoperative days.

Conclusion: Intestinal adenocarcinomas should be amenable to surgical resection. Early detection of localized, non-invasive neoplasms will increase surgical cure rate. Survivability could be potentially improved by use of adjuvant therapies.

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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2000-10-01

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  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

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