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Open Access Procedure for Laryngotracheal Separation in the Goat: Development of a New Animal Model for Analysis of Craniofacial Growth

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Most animal models used to study the process of postnatal craniofacial growth require direct manipulation of the craniofacial area, a growth period, then evaluation of the area. However, the scar tissue associated with direct manipulation of the craniofacial structures can produce growth abnormalities that are unrelated to the manipulation itself. To avoid this confounding variable in the study of craniofacial growth, we developed an animal model that involves laryngotracheal separation in a young animal. Our procedure completely separates the trachea from the upper aerodigestive tract and removes the site of scar tissue formation from the region of investigation. The tracheal stomas of the goats we describe were maintained for as long as 9 months. Unlike human patients, goats with laryngotracheal separation require laryngectomy tubes to prevent life-threatening stenosis of the tracheal stoma. Here we describe the operative procedure and post-operative care required for this new animal model.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: October 1, 2000

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  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

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