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Open Access Leukocyte Mobilization Induced by Hypervolemia is Due to a Combined α- and -Adrenoceptor Activation

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Abstract:

A phenomenon of leukocytosis induced by hypervolemic stress was discovered. Although a single injection of 350 l of saline (equivalent to approx. 70 ml in humans, 1 ml/kg of body weight) did not have an effect on the leukocyte counts in long-term intravenously cannulated, freely behaving rats, a single injection of 750 l of saline (equivalent to approx. 150 ml in humans, 2.1 ml/kg) induced rapid leukocytosis of 160% within 1 minute followed by a gradual increase up to 180% after 1 hour. Measurement of serum norepinephrine concentration revealed a significant increase in rats of the hypervolemic group, compared with those of the low volume group. Pretreatment with either the -adrenoceptor antagonist nadolol or the selective α2-adrenoceptor antagonist yohimbine prevented both leukocyte peaks in the high volume group, suggesting a combined receptor activation. This critical dependence of leukocyte counts on changes in blood volume should be taken into consideration in experiments with laboratory animals (the quantity of volume applications can falsify results of experiments).

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: October 1, 2000

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  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

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