Background and Purpose: Our objective was to map the genes responsible for poor glucose tolerance in a C57BL/6 (B6) mouse model, which provides a human model of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Insulin secretion was found to be significantly lower in B6 than in C3H/He (C3H) mice (analysis of variance, P < 0.05) at 10, 20, and 30 minutes during the intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test (IPGTT: 1.5 g glucose/kg of body weight). Methods: Mean 30-minute blood glucose values during IPGTT at 8, 9, and 10 weeks of age were used as a surrogate for glucose tolerance. The primers of 87 genetic microsatellite markers (14.9 6.2 cM apart) genome-wide quantitative trait linkage (QTL) analysis in F2 and F3 mice with the highest and lowest (n = 15 for each extreme) 30-minute blood glucose values were used. Results: Genome-wide QTL analysis confirmed the locus (D2Mit48) on chromosome 2, with a LOD score of 8.3, and the locus (D13Mit48) on chromosome 13, with a LOD score of 4.2 in F3. Direct sequencing of candidate genes, proprotein convertase-2 (PC2) on chromosome 2 and proprotein convertase-1/3 (PC1/PC3) on chromosome 13, failed to reveal a mutation or polymorphism specific to B6 mice. Conclusions: Use of QTL mapping revealed two loci associated with poor glucose tolerance of B6.
Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.
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