Open Access Incidence of Testicular Lesions in a Population of Tree Shrews (Tupaia belangeri)

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Abstract:

Background and Purpose: The sexual activity of male tree shrews is socially influenced; therefore, the testicular lesions in adult male tree shrews were of interest.

Methods: The testes of 229 adult and 9 subadult male tree shrews were obtained during routine necropsy and were subjected to light microscopy. At one time, 138 animals were experimentally exposed to social conflicts.

Results: Hypospermatogenesis (testicular inactivity) was observed in social stress-exposed males up to two years of age. Seasonality of hypospermatogenesis could not be statistically supported. Testicular atrophy, observed in 21 animals, was neither stress- nor age-related; it developed unilaterally, with the left testis preferred. Testicular tumors developed in animals older than 2 years, with increasing frequency particularly of Leydig cell tumors in animals more than fours year old.

Conclusion: Testicular lesions were more frequently found in male tree shrews than they were observed in nonhuman primates kept at the German Primate Center. Connections to social stress were statistically supported, particularly with respect to hypospermatogenesis. Testicular tumors, in contrast, were distinctly age related.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 1, 2000

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  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

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