Open Access Morphologic and Biochemical Changes Caused by Experimentally Induced Dicroceliosis in Hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus)

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Abstract:

Background and Purpose: The aim of the study reported here was to investigate the pathomorphologic changes caused by experimentally induced dicroceliosis and their correlation with hepatobiliary function.

Methods: Studies were carried out at days 80 and 120 after oral inoculation of hamsters with 40 metacercariae of Dicrocoelium dendriticum.

Results: The parasite-induced pathologic changes were assessed by presence of fluke eggs in feces, increased plasma alanine transaminase and aspartate transaminase activities and morphologic alterations. Dicroceliosis was characterized by bile ductular proliferation and enlargement of the bile duct surface area caused by hyperplastic cholangitis in septal bile ducts. The liver from infected animals contained portal tracts infiltrated with small to moderate numbers of lymphocytes, macrophages, and eosinophils. Simultaneously, there was an increase in portal tract collagen that extended to the interlobular septa and caused pressure atrophy of the hepatic parenchyma. The concentration of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances and the ratio of oxidized to reduced glutathione, measured as markers of oxidative stress, were significantly increased.

Conclusions: The presence of oxidative alterations could be related to the morphologic evidence of chronic inflammatory response as well as to liver cellular injury indicated by cellular swelling, and increased presence of peroxisomes and lysosomes.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 1, 2000

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  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

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