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Open Access Histologic, Cytologic, and Bacteriologic Examinations of Experimentally Induced Salmonella typhimurium Infection in Lewis Rats

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Abstract:

Background and Purpose: Histopathologic changes, cellular composition, and bacterial spreading were studied in rat spleen after experimentally induced infection with Salmonella typhimurium.

Methods: Lewis rats were inoculated intraperitoneally with 10 6 bacteria. Spleen weight, cell numbers, and cell surface markers were studied together with histopathologic changes, and expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). The spread of bacteria to blood, spleen, liver, mesenteric lymph nodes, lung, and kidney was studied at 12 hours, and 1, 3, 7, 14, and 28 days after inoculation.

Results: Experimentally induced infection caused an increase in spleen weight and leukocyte numbers, and a decrease in CD49d, on postinoculation days (PID) 3 through 7. Numerous granulomas were disseminated throughout the splenic red pulp also on PID 3 through 7. From PID 14 on, clearance of cellular exudate and regeneration of tissue structure were observed. Massive expression of iNOS was seen on PID 3. Bacterial growth was observed in liver and spleen from 12 hours to 14 days after inoculation. Bacteria were detected in blood on PID 3 and mesenteric lymph nodes were infected from PID 3 through 14.

Conclusions: Salmonella typhimurium was rapidly taken up by the reticuloendothelial system. The infection induced weight increase and reversible changes in the spleen, peaking on PID 3 with granuloma formation and infiltration with macrophages. On PID 3, extensive production of iNOS within the granulomas was observed, suggesting initial killing of phagocytosed bacteria, followed by bacterial clearance and tissue regeneration. Cell surface marker expression on CD4+ T cells indicated no change in their numbers; however, there was a time-dependent change in expression of CD49d.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2000-04-01

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  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

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