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Open Access Enteric Lesions in SCID Mice Infected with “Helicobacter typhlonicus,” a Novel Urease-Negative Helicobacter Species

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Abstract:

Background and Purpose: Several rodent helicobacters have been associated with chronic active hepatitis or inflammatory bowel disease. Severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mice appear to be inherently susceptible to disease attributable to these emerging pathogens. With the advent of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis, it has become clear that several as yet unidentified Helicobacter species may also colonize rodents, but their capacity to cause disease is unknown.

Methods: A Helicobacter species isolated from feces of a BALB/c mouse and provisionally named “H. typhlonicus” was used to inoculate helicobacter-free 4-week-old SCID mice (n = 11 males and 11 females). At various weeks after inoculation, mice were sacrificed and liver and intestinal specimens were collected for histologic examination and PCR analyses.

Results: The C. B-17 scid/scid mice inoculated with “H. typhlonicus” developed moderate to severe proliferative typhlocolitis, similar to that seen in SCID mice infected with H. hepaticus or H. bilis. However, in contrast to mice infected with H. hepaticus or H. bilis, lesions of chronic active hepatitis were not detected in mice inoculated with “H. typhlonicus. A similar disease syndrome developed in SCID mice cohabitated with B6D2F1 mice naturally infected with a novel Helicobacter species that was genetically identical to “H. typhlonicus.” Conclusion: “Helicobacter typhlonicus” joins a growing list of helicobacters that are capable of inducing enteric disease in immunodeficient mice.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: October 1, 1999

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  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

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