Characterization of Platelet Abnormalities of Tester Moriyama (TM) Rats with Storage Pool Deficiency
Abstract:Platelet abnormalities of Tester Moriyama (TM) rats, which have prolonged bleeding time with normal platelet count, were characterized by comparison with those of fawn-hooded (FH) rats with platelet storage pool deficiency (SPD). Morphologically, the dense granules were virtually lacking in platelets from TM and FH rats. Platelets from TM and FH rats aggregated in response to adenosine diphosphate (ADP), but failed to have secondary aggregation. In contrast, platelet aggregation was completely absent in response to 1 to 20 g of collagen/ml, although partial aggregation was observed at the higher dosage of 50 g/ml. Normal amounts of platelet membrane glycoproteins IIb/IIIa were expressed in TM and FH rats, but platelet adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and ADP contents were lower than those in platelets from control Wistar rats. Platelet ATP-to-ADP ratio of TM and FH rats was significantly higher than that of Wistar rats. Serotonin content in platelets from TM and FH rats was 20 to 25% that of Wistar rat platelets. These results suggested that platelet abnormalities of TM rats are a typical characteristic of platelet SPD and are similar to those of FH rats, which are genetically different from TM rats. Therefore, TM rats may serve as a useful animal model for the study of platelet SPD.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Japan 2: Research Institute of Drug Safety, Japan 3: Setsunan University, Osaka, Japan 4: The First Department of Internal Medicine, Kansai Medical University, Osaka, Japan
Publication date: October 1, 1998
Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.
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