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Open Access Myocardial Injury in the Mouse Induced by Transthoracic Cauterization

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A simplified transthoracic procedure using electrocauterization was used to induce myocardial injury in mice. After a single small incision through the skin and dissection of the underlying musculature, a modified electrocautery probe consisting of an insulated 20-gauge blunt needle with a polyethylene sleeve was inserted through the interior intercostal muscle at the fourth intercostal space and positioned on the anterior surface of the heart. The placement of the probe on the heart was indicated by mechanical motion of the exterior section of the needle. Electrocautery was applied to the distal exposed end of the probe. Of 10 mice that underwent this procedure, nine survived. After 10 days, myocardial damage was assessed by visual and histologic examination of the heart. In eight of nine surviving mice, transmural injury was induced in the left ventricle. The region of myocardial tissue damage on the surface of the left ventricle was 4.6 0.5 mm in diameter. This method provides a simple, noninvasive technique using a transthoracic electrocautery procedure to induce myocardial injury in the mouse heart with a low incidence of postoperative mortality.

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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center and Department of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, Research (151), Boston V.A. Medical Center, 150 South Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02130 2: Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center and Department of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts

Publication date: 1998-08-01

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  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

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