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Open Access Glucocorticoid-Resistant B-Lymphoblast Cell Line Derived from the Bolivian Squirrel Monkey (Saimiri boliviensis boliviensis)

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The goal of the study reported here was to develop a continuous cell line from the squirrel monkey that expresses the species-specific phenotype of impaired sensitivity to glucocorticoids. Thirty milliliters of blood from a male Bolivian squirrel monkey (Saimiri boliviensis boliviensis) was fractionated, and the buffy coat was obtained and incubated in the presence of B95-8 cell-conditioned medium, an abundant source of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), and 2 g of cyclosporin A/ml. Cell growth was detected within 8 weeks, after which the cells were cloned by use of the limiting dilution method. One clone (4D8) was characterized in detail. The chromosomal count and G-banding pattern confirmed that the cells were of Bolivian squirrel monkey origin. The B-cell origin of these cells was indicated by electron microscopic analysis and was confirmed by expression of CD20. The cells stained strongly for LMP1, a marker of latent EBV infection, and occasionally for the lytic infection marker ZEBRA (BZLF1). The responsiveness of clone 4D8 cells to glucocorticoids was determined by comparing the effects of dexamethasone on cell growth and the induction of a glucocorticoid-inducible mRNA in 4D8 cells with the effects on a human EBV-transformed B-lymphoblast cell line (HL). Dexamethasone inhibited the growth of HL cells, with IC50 of approximately 9 nM, but had no effect on the growth of 4D8 cells. The induction of FK506-binding protein FKBP51 mRNA by dexamethasone was also significantly blunted in 4D8 cells. Thus, we have developed and characterized a squirrel monkey lympho- blastic cell line derived by transformation of B-lymphocytes with EBV; the cell line has diminished growth and transcriptional responses to glucocorticoids.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Pharmacology, University of South Alabama, Mobile, Alabama 2: Department of Pathology, University of South Alabama, Mobile, Alabama 3: Department of Cellular and Structural Biology, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, Texas 4: Department of Pharmacology, MSB 3130, University of South Alabama, College of Medicine, Mobile, AL 36688, Department of Comparative Medicine, University of South Alabama, Mobile, Alabama

Publication date: 1998-08-01

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  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

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