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Open Access Tumorigenicity of Green Turtle Fibropapilloma-Derived Fibroblast Lines in Immunodeficient Mice

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Fibroblast lines derived from normal skin and spontaneous or experimentally induced fibropapillomas of green turtles (Chelonia mydas) were established and propagated in medium composed of a combination of Dulbecco's minimal essential with F12 medium plus 10% fetal bovine serum at 308 C. Fibropapilloma-derived fibroblasts were indistinguishable from normal skin fibroblasts in vitro. Tumor lines did not exhibit loss of contact inhibition, anchorage independence, or reduced serum requirements. Inoculation of primary and early-passage tumor cells into the medial margin of the pinna of C57BL/6J-nu/nu, C. B17-scid/scid, or NOD-scid/scid mice, however, resulted in fibroma formation, whereas inoculation of normal skin fibroblasts did not. Tumor-derived cells inoculated into the flanks of mice did not form tumors. The turtle origin of fibroblasts in tumors from mouse ears was confirmed by immunohistochemical and karyotype analysis. Fibroblast lines that were established from mouse ear fibromas had the normal karyotype (modal 2N = 55) of C. mydas. The cooler anatomic sites (ears) of immunodeficient mice are useful for confirming the tumorigenic (transformed) phenotype of green turtle fibropapillomatosis-derived fibroblasts. This mouse ear tumorigenicity test should facilitate studies of mechanisms of cellular transformation in green turtle fibropapillomatosis and other neoplastic diseases of poikilothermic vertebrates.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Pathobiology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, The Institute for Animal Studies, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 1300 Morris Park Avenue, Bronx, NY 10461 2: Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 3: Department of Cytogenetics Laboratory, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 4: The Jackson Laboratory, Bar Harbor, Maine

Publication date: April 1, 1998

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  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

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