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Open Access Genetic Characterization of Novel Strains of Rats Derived from Crosses Between Wistar-Kyoto and Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats, and Comparisons with Their Parental Strains

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Abstract:

Two novel strains of rats have recently been generated from hybrid crosses of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. The breeding pairs chosen to create these strains were initially selected on the basis of two mutually exclusive phenotypic traits, so that the rats called WKHT are hypertensive but not hyperactive, whereas the rats called WKHA are hyperactive but not hypertensive. These strains have been refined by inbreeding on a strict brother-sister basis for more than 25 generations. To increase usefulness of these strains, we characterized them by use of genetic methods, including DNA fingerprinting and simple sequence length polymorphism (SSLP) analyses. We found that these two novel strains are more closely related genetically to either SHR or WKY rats than the degree to which the latter two strains are related to one another; heterozygosities of SSLP marker alleles were extremely rare in WKHA and WKHT, indicating that these strains can be considered as truly inbred (in contrast to WKY rats from two sources); and it was almost always possible to match the SSLP marker alleles found in WKHA and WKHT rats with similarly sized alleles in the parental SHR and WKY alleles, indicating that the WKHA and WKHT strains constitute true mixes of the genomes of SHR and WKY rats. Furthermore, immunogenetic analyses indicated that WKY and WKHT rats belonged to the RT1 l haplotype, whereas SHR and WKHA rats belonged to the k haplotype. These results extend the usefulness of WKHA and WKHT rats for further genetic and physiologic studies.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Neurobiology and Vasoactive Peptide Laboratory, IRCM, 110 Pine Avenue West, Montréal, Québec, Canada, H2W 1R7 2: Neurobiology and Vasoactive Peptide Laboratory, Molecular Biochemistry of Hypertension 3: Molecular Biochemistry of Hypertension

Publication date: December 1, 1997

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  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

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