Movement Pattern and Parameter Learning in Children: Effects of Feedback Frequency
Authors: Goh, Hui-Ting; Kantak, Shailesh S.; Sullivan, Katherine J.
Source: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 1 June 2012, vol. 83, no. 2, pp. 346-352(7)
Abstract:Reduced feedback during practice has been shown to be detrimental to movement accuracy in children but not in young adults. We hypothesized that the reduced accuracy is attributable to reduced movement parameter learning, but not pattern learning, in children. A rapid arm movement task that required the acquisition of a motor pattern scaled to specific spatial and temporal parameters was used to investigate the effects of feedback (FB) frequency (100% vs. 62% faded) on motor learning differences between 19 school-age children and 19 young adults. Adults and children practiced the task for 200 trials under the 100% or faded FB condition on Day 1 and returned on Day 2 for a no-FB retention test. On the retention test, children who practiced with reduced feedback performed with greater temporal parameter errors, but not pattern error, than children who received frequent feedback. Motor skill learning in children is influenced by feedback frequency during practice that affects parameter learning but not pattern learning.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: June 1, 2012