Comparison of the Validity of Four Fall-Related Psychological Measures in a Community-Based Falls Risk Screening

Authors: Moore, Delilah S.; Ellis, Rebecca; Kosma, Maria; Fabre, Jennifer M.; McCarter, Kevin S.; Wood, Robert H.

Source: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 1 September 2011, vol. 82, no. 3, pp. 545-554(10)

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Abstract:

We examined the measurement properties of fall-related psychological instruments with a sample of 133 older adults (M age = 74.4 years, SD = 9.4). Measures included the Comprehensive Falls Risk Screening Instrument, Falls-efficacy Scale-International (FES-I), Activities-specific Balance Confidence (ABC), modified Survey of Activities and Fear of Falling in the Elderly (mSAFFE), Consequences of Falling (CoF), Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE), and 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36). The FES-I, ABC, mSAFFE, and CoF were significantly correlated with each other, with SF-36, and with mobility. The ABC and mSAFFE were significantly correlated with PASE. The ABC differentiated between fallers and nonfallers and predicted total falls risk. Findings can assist with the selection of psychological instruments in a falls risk screening context.

Keywords: AGING; FALLS PREVENTION; MEASUREMENT

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5641/027013611X13275191444189

Publication date: September 1, 2011

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